- /ɪndʌstriəl ˈmɛlənɪzəm/ (say industreeuhl 'meluhnizuhm)
melanism, originally observed in moths in 19th-century England, developed in response to an environment affected by an industrial output of soot, the darker organisms being selected to survive as the lighter ones became easy to see against the dark background; used as an indicator of industrial pollution.
Australian English dictionary. 2014.
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industrial melanism — industrial melanism. См. индустриальный меланизм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
industrial melanism — noun Date: 1943 genetically determined melanism as a population phenomenon especially in moths in which the proportion of dark individuals tends to increase due to differential predation especially by birds which more easily find and eat lighter… … New Collegiate Dictionary
industrial melanism — noun : genetically determined melanism as a population phenomenon especially in moths in which the proportion of dark individuals tends to increase due to differential predation especially by birds which more easily find and eat lighter colored… … Useful english dictionary
industrial melanism — Darkness of the skin, feathers, or fur developed by a population of animals living in an industrial region where the environment is soot darkened. The melanization of a population increases the probability that its members will survive and… … Universalium
industrial melanism — The evolution of a darkened population owing to melanistic individuals that blend with their substrate in the sooty surroundings of an industrial area … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
industrial melanism — the gradual darkening of populations of organisms living in soot darkened (industrialized) habitats due to the selective pressure of predators, the darker individuals tending to survive as the conspicuous individuals are eaten, thus favoring the… … Medical dictionary
Melanism — The black panther is the prototypical example of melanism. Melanism is an undue development of dark colored pigment in the skin or its appendages, and the opposite of albinism. It is also the medical term for black jaundice. The word is… … Wikipedia
industrial — industrially, adv. industrialness, n. /in dus tree euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, of the nature of, or resulting from industry: industrial production; industrial waste. 2. having many and highly developed industries: an industrial nation. 3.… … Universalium
melanism — noun Date: 1843 1. an increased amount of black or nearly black pigmentation (as of skin, feathers, or hair) of an individual or kind of organism compare industrial melanism 2. intense human pigmentation of the skin, eyes, and hair • melanistic… … New Collegiate Dictionary
melanism — n. [Gr. melas, black; ismos, denoting condition] 1. An excessive darkening of color owing to increased amounts of black pigment. 2. A certain percentage of individuals in a population that give rise to polymorphism; see industrial… … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology